What should my puppies eat?

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

feeding puppiesPuppies, fragile as they are, they need to be given utmost attention, most especially when it comes to their nutrition. These little ones have immature systems and need to be given extra care, their intake should be able to supply enough their dietary needs to meet growth and development demands.

Put in mind that these puppies are not be fed with canned foods, pre-moistened foods, and table scraps. We recommend dry dog food for this matter. The dry texture of the food creates an abrasive action to the dog’s teeth and gums, which means lesser chances of plaque build-up and tartar, abscesses, tooth loss, bad breath and gum disease.

There are three forms of commercially produced dog foods: dry kibble, semi-moist (sealed packages) and moist (canned). Dry kibble is mostly recommended since it has meat protein sources. In addition to the prevention of oral problems, and that these are easy to chew, dry food is easy to store, less expensive than alternatives, more conveniently served, palatable and has less odor.

Types of Dog Food

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

Dog foods come in a variety nowadays and we sometimes get confused on what these foods are, what they are for, and how they differ from the other. To knock off the confusion, let’s define the different dog food categories:

 

Commercial Dog Food

best food for dogs Whatever these foods look like, feel like or come up like, they are all fine for healthy mutts. Combined or taken solo, whatever your preferences are, there’s no problem with it.

  • Dry Food. This type is considered to be the most popular commercial food. It has 90% dry matter and 10% water, the most digestible form of dog food with ingredients such as grains, meat, vitamins, fats, minerals and by-products combined and cooked. Much preferred, too, due to its lower cost, digestibility, and fewer adverse effects on the oral cavity.
  • Canned Dog Food. Canned dog foods have ingredients similar to those of dry food, but with a different processing method. It contains 68% water and 32% dry matter. And with high amounts of frozen or fresh meat. Considered to be more expensive than dry food, but with long shelf life, very much palatable, and stored in durable containers.
  • Semi–Moist Dog Food. This type has 25 – 40% water and 60 – 75% dry matter. These are mainly composed of simple sugars and salts plus necessary components, and preserved using humectants. These are convenient and digestible, but are expensive and may cause digestive problems in some dogs, due to the acidification of components.

 

Home-Cooked Dog Food

Home-cooked food contains fresh, reliable and quality ingredients, especially when nutritional ratios are followed in the course of the preparation. It is common in home-made foods that deficiencies or excesses may occur in terms of vitamins, minerals or food group composition, creating problems in digestion and weight.

Analyzing Dog Food Labels

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

When we go for grocery on weekends, we get fond of checking food labels of products new to us and often advertised on TV. We find it confusing already even if we are familiar with the contents. How much more when we go over those of our dog’s? To aid you in looking into food labels, and differentiating them, here are some terms you might want to be familiar with:

 

feeding puppiesNamed ingredients. When these appear next to the name of the food, it must give you an idea that this comprises at least twenty-five percent (25%) of the product by weight.  For example, the word “Beef” was listed next to the words “Dinner”, “Entre”, “Formula”, “Nuggets”, “Platter”, and “Recipe”. Then it implies that Beef is making up at least twenty-five percent (25%) of the product.

 

With. If a label says “with”, such as “with beef”, then the ingredient must be three percent (3%) or more of the named ingredient.  For example “Gourmet Fillets with Beef” — the product must be three percent (3%) beef.

 

Flavor. If a dog food indicates a specific flavor in its label, then the food must have that flavor well represented.  With this matter, no specific criterion indicated here.

Top Healthiest Dog Foods

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

Getting too conscious on your doggy’s diet? Throw those problems out and start checking these brands:

feeding puppies1. Karma Organic

This brand is considered ninety-five (95) percent organic. Its main source of protein is organic, free-range chicken, not “poultry by-products.” Secondary source of protein is organic brown rice, plus vitamins E and C as preservatives.

2. Newman’s Own Organics

Newman’s Own is 95 percent organic as well. The formula contains chicken and chicken meal as its first two protein sources, with chicken liver as part of the ingredient list. Vitamins C and E are used as preservatives.

3. Orijen

The first five ingredients in their adult dog formula are fresh boneless chicken, chicken meal, fresh boneless salmon, turkey meal, and herring meal. A combination of vitamin E and airtight is utilized for packaging to preserve its freshness.

4. Blue Buffalo

Blue’s Adult Chicken and Rice formula contains deboned chicken and chicken meal as the main sources of protein.

5. Fromm Adult Gold

Duck, chicken meal, chicken and brown rice are the first four ingredients and protein sources. Whole egg is also included. This brand preserves their product with the use of mixed tocopherols and citric acid.

6. Wellness

Lamb is the number one ingredient and protein source in this mix, followed by Menhaden fish meal. Salmon meal weighs in at number nine. This formula is free of artificial preservatives, flavors or dyes.

7. Timberwolf

This formula contains chicken meal, chicken and turkey meal as the first three ingredients and protein sources. This also contains brown rice, whitefish meal and dried chicken liver. Mixed tocopherols, a source of vitamin E, are used as preservatives.

8. California Natural

This has one of the simplest ingredient lists, making it suitable for dogs suffering from food allergies. Lamb meal is listed as its only meat source, with additional protein provided by a combination of brown and white rice respectively. No preservatives are added to their formula.

9. Innova

Turkey, chicken and chicken meal are the first three protein sources plus brown rice and eggs. This formula does not contain any chemical or artificial preservatives.

Getting The Right Brand For Your Buddy

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

For us, owners, we always find ways to get the right brand for our dogs, yet it makes it hard for us to see a long line of advertisements claiming to be the right one. In going over brands, here are some things to consider in selecting and comparing them:

  • Price

Dog foods can range from 0.38 cents per day to $3 per day for gourmet organic foods. If your dog is healthy, then a cheap dog selection is fine as long as it is AAFCO certified

  • Ingredients

how to make dog food Check the label for AAFCO (American Association of Feed Control Officials) certification. It must be “complete and balanced”, equivalent to the highest level of certification

  • Organic Dog Foods and other Features

Special or specific diets are created per preference of your pets or as required by his health condition such as intolerances, food allergies or diabetes mellitus

  • Age Specific

Dog food varies as well, catering to different age group since they have different nutritional demands, as in puppies and pregnant dogs

  • AAFCO Certification

AAFCO or the Association of American Feed Control Officials is the organization which certifies all dog foods based on manufacturing and labeling standards. Make sure you read the labels indicating what AAFCO has to say.

Be guided and good luck in choosing the right one for your little buddy.

Getting More Mix of These Fun Dog Food Recipes

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

Can’t get enough of home-made dog foods? Well, here are more recipes that you can try to get his little tummy running and his tail wagging.

BUFFALOAF

Ingredients

  • 3 cups ground buffalo (lean) or ground turkey, chicken or beef
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 ½ cups old-fashioned oats
  • ¾ cup grated mixed vegetables (zucchini, broccoli, carrots, sweet potato)
  • ½ cup cottage cheese

Directions

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
  2. Hand-mix all ingredients and press into loaf pan
  3. Bake for 40 minutes
  4. Refrigerate

 

how to make dog foodRAW MEAT MIX

Ingredients

  • 1 lb raw ground meat
  • 2 cups ground or pureed vegetables
  • 2-4 oz raw organ meat (gizzard, liver, etc)
  • ½ cup apple cider vinegar
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1 T ground kelp
  • ½ cup plain yoghurt
  • 3 eggs with shells
  • A palmful of parsley

Directions

  1. Mix all ingredients
  2. Refrigerate

The Frequently-asked Questions in Feeding Puppies

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

Puppies, as they grow, require a lot of food, that is why they eat a lot and often. He eats two to four times as much as his mommy or daddy to grow big like them. So here, we answer your common queries in feeding your pups.

 

What kind of food do I feed them?

Puppy food should generally be high in protein and with lots of vitamins, minerals and fat essentials to support his growing body. For bigger puppies, large-breed puppy formulas are also available. This helps to grow at a rate gradual enough for them to develop strong bones and joints. Small-breed formulas provide concentrated nutrition in small, bite-size kibbles enough to meet a smaller puppy’s needs. But if you’re in the middle, we also have medium-breed formulas. Confused on where your buds belong? It’s not a problem at all.

 

How much do I feed them?

Puppies, with their small body frame, do not require a bulk of food to be served for them, or else they’ll look like walking balloons. When feeding them, take note that you should be able to feel but not see their ribs, and they should have a visible waist when you look down at them. This applies to all breeds. Adjust amount served depending on your puppy’s appetite and condition.

 

When should I feed them?

feeding puppies At eight to twelve weeks, he’ll be eating three to four times a day, or only twice a day, still observing the amount that should be fed in the rate of three to four times a day. After six months, he can be fed twice a day. If it’s too much, he’ll leave some behind in his bowl.

 

To monitor his growth, take note of this: When his weight doubles from his birth weight, a puppy should gain one to two grams per pound of anticipated adult weight each day. This means that if your German Shepherd puppy weighs 75 pounds as an adult, he should gain three to five ounces per day as a puppy.

 

What Dogs Should and Shouldn’t Eat

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

What might be good to you might not be good to your pet. You have to be very careful on what you mix on his dog food, or what you throw at him at snack time, or else you’ll end up frequently visiting the veterinarian for a checkup. Below are foods to keep you guided on what to put into his little tummy.

            What Dogs Should and Shouldn’t EatWhat SHOULDN’T be in buddy’s diet:

  • Chocolate – has Theobromine, toxic, may cause cardiac arythmias leading to myocardial infarction. Intake of chocolates may also cause GI bleeding.
  • Walnuts – has high phosphorus content which can possibly cause bladder stones
  • Potato Sprouts and Green Potato Skins – Solanum alkaloids are poorly absorbed which is toxic
  • Turkey skin – has high fat content which may cause inflammation in the pancreas or Pancreatitis. In severe cases, autodigestion happens, affecting the surrounding organs in the GI region.
  • Onions and garlic – has Thiosulphate which is toxic to dogs, cats and other livestock. Toxicity causes haemolytic anaemia, where the pet’s red blood cells burst while circulating in its body, and gastroenteritis, characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, and lack of interest in food.
  • Pear pips, the kernels of plums, peaches and apricots, apple core pips (contain cyanogenic glycosides resulting in cyanide poisoning)
  • Potato peelings and green looking potatoes
  • Rhubarb leaves
  • Moldy/spoiled foods
  • Alcohol
  • Yeast dough
  • Coffee grounds, beans & tea (caffeine)
  • Hops (used in home brewing)
  • Tomato leaves & stems (green parts)
  • Broccoli (in large amounts)
  • Raisins and grapes

 

What SHOULD be in buddy’s diet:

  • Vegetables – potatoes (cooked), carrots, lettuce, green beans, peas, and yams are good and easy to digest for most dogs. Carrots and yams should be cut in small pieces or ran through a food processor, and green beans sliced. Some may be mixed with wet or dry food.
  • Fruits – apples (not the core), bananas, cantaloupe, and watermelon are perfect for small treats.
  • Grains should not be given in large amounts, ten percent is what’s recommended.
  • Yogurt – make it plain and non-fat. It could be mixed with fruit as treat.
  • Dry Food for dogs – corn starch or corn by-products should not be first on the list.
  • Wet Food – this may depend on your pet’s taste
  • Water – lots of it!

Why You Shouldn’t Feed Your Buddy With Some Skin From A Turkey

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

Having some leftovers from a reunion? Well, these leftovers, if their too much for us, they’d head off to buddy’s tray. But be careful on what you put to his tray. If you Turkey leftovers, strip of the skin and let him get all the meat. You’ll know why when you continue reading this.

healthiest dog foodTurkey skin is known to have very high fat content. Digesting this may cause a large load for the pancreas to work, and eventually get inflamed. The dog gets Pancreatitis. If the inflammation goes to severe level, autodigestion of the surrounding organs may possibly result as the pancreatic enzymes get released in large number, causing a permanently damaged pancreas. Symptoms may include a very painful abdomen, abdominal distention, lack of appetite, depression, dehydration, a ‘hunched up’ posture, vomiting, diarrhea and yellow, greasy stool. Fever often accompanies these symptoms.

History-taking, a physical exam, and laboratory testing are used to diagnose the condition. Laboratory results usually reflect an increased level of pancreatic enzymes, amylase and lipase, in the serum. Liver enzymes may also increase as soon as the liver gets affected. The white blood cell count is generally increased in acute pancreatitis.

To treat this condition, IV fluids are given in large amounts, since these mutts are dehydrated and have lost a large amount of body fluids. In severe conditions, shock may result. IV administration of diluted salt solutions is done then. Stop the intake of water and food to rest the pancreas for at least 24 hours during the treatment. After a couple of days, best food for dogs and water intake may be slowly initiated with best food for dogs low in fat and easy to digest.

So be careful on what you give to your dog, his health is always your responsibility.

Going Grain-Free For Your Doggy

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

According to the American Veterinary Association, the healthiest dog foods are made of forty percent (40%) meat, fifty percent (50%) vegetables and ten percent (10%) grain. But if your buddy is suffering from grain intolerance, better go for lower than the required ten percent or go zero to be safe. I know it’s taxing to read labels just to ensure your dog food’s grain-free, so here are some dog foods you may want to check out — they’re all grain-free and they’re all yours!

healthiest dog foodOrijen is one of the most recognized dog foods with very high grade grain-free dry dog food content. It has 70 percent meat and 30 percent fruit and vegetables. Fresh salmon, salmon meal, herring, herring meal, walleye, peas, russet potato, sweet potato, Lake Whitefish, organic kelp, carrots, spinach, pumpkin, blueberries, apples, cranberries and licorice roots are some of the ingredients. No artificial colors and preservatives, just fresh and natural ingredients, easy to absorb plus friendly bacteria for healthy digestion — high-protein, low carbohydrates and above average fat content — now you’re worry-free to keep you dog in perfect shape.

Wellness Core is another grain-free formula with high protein content and low carbohydrate. It is rich in fruits and vegetables. It is composed of the following ingredients: deboned turkey, deboned chicken, chicken meal, chicken liver, potatoes, spinach, parsley, salmon oil, flaxseed, carrots, apples, blueberries, chicory root extract, rosemary extract, and probiotics which aid in the digestion.

Innova Evo also rates high in the dog food ratings. Innova Evo is a grain-free dog food with high protein content. This has turkey, chicken, turkey meal, chicken meal, herring meal, chicken fat, apples, potatoes, carrots, alfalfa sprouts, vitamins and minerals. It also has omega three and omega six fatty acids plus friendly bacteria which ensures a healthy digestion.

Fromm’s Surf & Turf is another grain-free dog food. It does not contain corn, wheat and soy and is well-suited for dogs suffering from grain intolerance. The main sources of animal protein are salmon, duck meal and salmon meal.

Enough with the worrying on what to buy next time in the market for your sick buddy. You have names already, start checking.

 

Top Five Dog Food Brands

Posted in Dog Health Care by Randall

It has always been a problem to us, dog owners, on what to feed our best buds with the variety of dog foods available in the market. Well, I hope this could help you narrow your list and get to the brand you want for your dogs:

healthiest dog food Orijen. A recognized very high grade grain-free dry dog food. This has 70 percent meat and 30 percent fruit and vegetables. Fresh salmon, salmon meal, herring, herring meal, walleye, peas, russet potato, sweet potato, Lake Whitefish, organic kelp, carrots, spinach, pumpkin, blueberries, apples, cranberries and licorice roots are some of the ingredients. No artificial colors and preservatives, just fresh and natural ingredients, easy to absorb plus friendly bacteria for healthy digestion — high-protein, low carbohydrates and above average fat content — now you’re worry-free to keep you dog in perfect shape.

 

 Blue Buffalo. A dog food rich in protein. It contains deboned chicken, chicken meal, turkey meal, whitefish meal and salmon meal, and has small amounts of oatmeal. Other ingredients include carrots, sweet potatoes, flaxseed, barley grass, alfalfa meal, blueberries, cranberries, herring oil, vitamins and friendly bacteria.

 

Canidae. A brand which offers good quality of dry and wet dog food. Components of their food are lamb, chicken or beef, flaxseed, peas, millet, sunflower oil, brown rice, rice bran, cracked barley, cranberries, blueberries, chicory root, guar gum, carrageen an and various nutrients which gives you the relief that you’re dog has right nutrition.

 

Wellness. Wellness Core is a grain-free formula with high protein content and low carbohydrate content, rich in fruits and vegetables. Ingredients include deboned turkey, deboned chicken, chicken meal, chicken liver, potatoes, spinach, parsley, salmon oil, flaxseed, carrots, apples, blueberries, chicory root extract, rosemary extract and probiotics. Wellness Super5Mix, another product of this brand, contains deboned whitefish, sweet potatoes, ground flaxseed and de-hulled barley. This recipe of theirs is to ensure you of a healthy digestion for your buddy.

 

Innova Evo. A grain-free dog food with high protein content. This contains turkey, chicken, turkey meal, chicken meal, herring meal, chicken fat, apples, potatoes, carrots, alfalfa sprouts, vitamins and minerals, omega three and omega six fatty acids plus friendly bacteria for digestion — a formula for your dog’s dietary needs.