Dog foods come in a variety nowadays and we sometimes get confused on what these foods are, what they are for, and how they differ from the other. To knock off the confusion, let’s define the different dog food categories:
Commercial Dog Food
- Dry Food. This type is considered to be the most popular commercial food. It has 90% dry matter and 10% water, the most digestible form of dog food with ingredients such as grains, meat, vitamins, fats, minerals and by-products combined and cooked. Much preferred, too, due to its lower cost, digestibility, and fewer adverse effects on the oral cavity.
- Canned Dog Food. Canned dog foods have ingredients similar to those of dry food, but with a different processing method. It contains 68% water and 32% dry matter. And with high amounts of frozen or fresh meat. Considered to be more expensive than dry food, but with long shelf life, very much palatable, and stored in durable containers.
- Semi–Moist Dog Food. This type has 25 – 40% water and 60 – 75% dry matter. These are mainly composed of simple sugars and salts plus necessary components, and preserved using humectants. These are convenient and digestible, but are expensive and may cause digestive problems in some dogs, due to the acidification of components.
Home-Cooked Dog Food
Home-cooked food contains fresh, reliable and quality ingredients, especially when nutritional ratios are followed in the course of the preparation. It is common in home-made foods that deficiencies or excesses may occur in terms of vitamins, minerals or food group composition, creating problems in digestion and weight.