In choosing your dog foods for your buddies, always and always consider the following: their energy level, their body weight, their age and their health (some dogs have special conditions such as diabetes and intolerance to some food components). It is our responsibility as dog owners that they are ensured of their physiological needs with regards to intake. Below are the components of canine food, components that would keep your dogs healthy and kicking (But not all brands have this so be sure to read the labels at the back).
ü Water – it should be fresh and clean. Mammals require 44 – 66 mL/Kg body weight of water daily, therefore you offer your dog water 2 – 3 times a day with dry dog food, while making water continually available throughout the day.
ü Carbohydrates – Beet pulp is most suitable source of carbohydrates for dogs. It contains both soluble and non soluble forms of carbohydrates.
ü Proteins – these are sources of amino acids, essential components to increase nitrogenous compounds in a dog’s body. Adult dogs usually require almost 2g/Kg body weight of protein daily. 22 – 25% protein is required for growing puppies, and 11 – 14% of proteins in dry matter for adult dogs.
ü Fats – these are condensed source of energy in canine food, and are also needed to help digest some essential fat soluble vitamins such as Vitamin A, D, E & K. to keep it balanced, food should contain 5 – 15% fat.
ü Vitamins & Minerals – Vitamins, both water- and fat-soluble. Dietary minerals in food are macro minerals (sodium, potassium, calcium & phosphorus) & trace minerals (iron, zinc, copper, iodine etc.). Whether it’s a deficiency or an excess, it may cause problems, therefore amounts should be related with the energy level of a selected food.